By Agreement on Reparation from Germany 1946, Gold found in Germany should be pooled for distribution among countries entitled to it.
Gold belonged to Bank of Albania was removed from Rome 1943.
Gold was going to be delivered to UK (Corfu Case) but, Italy claimed to be entitled to receive the gold because some confiscation made by Albania in 1945 and that such claim had priority. Under the agreement Italy applied to ICJ claiming to have priority over UK (confiscations). Italy then questioned jurisdiction of ICJ