The existence or disappearance of the state is a question of fact; the effects of recognition by other states are purely declaratory.
State is a community which consists of a territory and population subjected to organised political authority, the state is characterised by sovereignty
In case of federal-type state, federal organs represent the components of the Federation and wield effective power
State succession means the replacement of one state by another in the responsibility for the international relations of territory, peremptory norms of general IL, fundamental rights or individuals, peoples and minorities, are binding on all the parties to the succession.
Although the SFRY has until now retained its international personality, notably inside international organisations, the republics have expressed their desire for independence:
Slovenia, referendum December 1990
Croatia, referendum May 1991
Macedonia, referendum September 1991
Bosnia Herzegovina, parliament resolution October 1991
The composition and working of the essential organs of the Federation, no longer meet the criteria of participation and representatives inherent in a federal state
SFRY is in process of dissolution